Christensen and Nørgaard/Lassen Families of Denmark and W. Canada


Last update of page: 16 May 2012.

In the family tree and in the texts below, bolded names are individuals that are covered on this web page. Hyperlinked names lead to other chapters of this site.
 

Laurits Thomasen --- m. --- Else Jensdatter

|

Thomas Larsen, b. 1724 --- m. --- Anne Jensdatter

|

Jens Thomasen, b. 1756 --- m. --- Johanne Svensdatter

|

Las Nørgaard Jensen, b. 1799 --- m. --- Maren Christensdatter

|

Christen Lassen, b. 1830 --- m. --- Grethe Elsie ("Lia") Hansen

|

Tinus Christensen, b. 1867 --- m. --- Ane Lassen b.1869

|

John
Barclay, b. 1901 --- m. --- Gudrun Christensen

|

William
Graham, b. 1929 -- m. ---Margaret Barclay

|

Douglas J. Graham, b. 1959 --- m. --- France
Marcoux

|

Camille and Stéphanie Graham
 

Notes on the Family Names


Under the traditional Danish system of family names children formed their last name based on the first name of their father. Thus, a daughter of a Christen Larsen would be Christendatter and a son would be Christensen. This was the tradition until about 1860/70 when a law in Denmark forbade this practice and required that all children should use the surname of the father (6).

We have in this Christensen Chapter quite a number of confusing situations with regard to family names:
 

Nørgaard


The name Nørgaard is first used in our family in the marriage record of Christen Lassen (26 November 1858) in which his father is referred to as "Lars Nørgaard". Lars Jensen or Lars Nørgaard Jensen was baptized in 1799. This name would be occasionally used over the next generations. As adults, the brothers and sisters of Gudrun Christensen used Christensen or Kristensen but one used Nørgaard as a surname (1, 2, 8). Nørgaard was given as a second name to most of the children (1).

The name "Nørgaard" is always spelled with an "aa" in our family records even though the "aa" is replaced by "å" in modern Danish lettering. Possibly the original spelling was "Norregaard"? One of Kaj Kristensen's grandson's has "Norregaard" as one of his names.
 

Larsen/Lassen


Lars Nørgaard Jensen was thus baptized in 1799 but by the census of 1850 he had become Las and the Nørgaard had been dropped (6). His nine children with Maren Christensen were all baptized as Larsen according to the "Christen Pedersen" records of Torben Ejlersen (6). According to Ejlersen's "Ane Kristensen" set of records, the oldest, Christen, and the fourth child Martin, plus the two youngest, are all Lassens. According to the census of 1850 (6), the seven children at home are all Lassens.

Further, on the son Christen, we have the following records (6) regarding his name: baptized 1830 as Christen Larsen, confirmed 1844 as Christen Larsen, census record 1850 as Chresten (sic) Larsen, census record 1870 as Christen Larsen, census record 1880 as Christen Lassen and death record 1888 as Christen Lassen.

We have not been able to find any record documenting that his daughter Ane Christensen became Ane Lassen although that is how her name appears in various family records (1). In 1890, Tinus was already working at her parents farm. They married in 1893. It could be that she decided to call herself Lassen to distinguish herself, or to just lessen confusion over having the same name as her husband who was also a Christensen? Also, in 1860/1870 the laws had been changed in Denmark so that the daughters and sons no longer had to use the father's first names to form their last name. Ane's father had now become a Lassen and being a modern woman she may have decided to use Lassen as well.
 

Christensen/Kristensen


There is great confusion in our family records as to the use of "Christensen" or "Kristensen". We can probably conclude that the spelling is pretty arbitrary and depends on the whim of census takers or other official records keepers or the whims of the persons concerned. The most common spelling is definitely Christensen.

Census records are variable for the twelve children of Christen Larsen/Lassen and Grethe Elsie. In the Census of 1860, the first two children appear as Christensen. In the census of 1870, all five children appear as Christensen and in the census of 1880 all nine children are listed as Christensen. However, in the 1890 Census, the four children still at home are all listed as Kristensen (Ane, 20 years, Jens Peder (Kirsten Simonsen's Grandfather) 13 years, Semine 11 years, and Kristjan (sic) 9 years). Also included in the 1890 census is the farm Manager, 22 year old Tinus Kristensen (6) even though Tinus was baptized as Christensen (see text below on Tinus).

According to information in the section "Laurids Thomasen" (6), of the 12 children of Christen and Grethe Elsie Larsen, the first five (Thomine, Maren, Ane, Lassen, and Hansine) are baptized as Christensen. The sixth child (a second Ane, the first one having died young) and the next 6 children (Tomas, Ottine, Jens Peter, Semine, Kristian, and Mathias) are all listed as Kristensen.

The children of Tinus and Ane Christensen were all been baptized Christensen except for Anna the last child who was registered as Kristensen. In the baptismal record of Anna, both the parents were also registered as Kristensen (8) which suggests this was the preference of the record taker rather than the correct spelling? As adults, some of the children used Kristensen and one used Nørgaard (1, 2, 8). Nørgaard was given as a second name to most of the children (1). Henry, the oldest child, was baptized Christensen, but was named Kristensen in his death notice 23 years later (8)!
 

Laurits Thomasen


Laurits Thomasen was apparently born in Aagaard. He m. Elsie Jensdatter, also born in Aagaard. We have no birth or marriage dates. The had at least one son, Thomas Larsen (6).
 

Thomas Larsen, b. 1724


Thomas Larsen, bapt. 8 October, 1724, Bindslev, m. Anne Jensdatter, b. about 1719, Bindslev. According to a census of 1787 (6), Thomas was 63 years old and his wife Anne was 68 years old and they were "still in their first marriage" (a direct translation from the census record). They had a son, Jens Thomsen.
 

Jens Thomsen, b. 1756


Jens Thomsen, bapt. 25 March 1756, m. to Johanne Svensdatter, bapt. 6 August 1760 (or 1766?), both bapt. in Bindslev. Jens died 5 September 1826, and Johanne died 4 September 1838 in Bindslev. Jens and Johanne Thomsen had a son, Lars Jensen, b. 1799.
 

Family of Johanne Svensdatter


On Johanne's side, we have information back to her grandparents:
Christen Pedersen m. Karen Lauridsdatter, no birth or marriage dates. They had a son, Svend Christensen, bapt. 6 January 1726 in Bindslev. Svend had a daughter Johanne Svendsdatter (see above) but we have no name for his wife. In the census of 1787 (6) he was a widower and the owner of his farm. His daughter Johanne appears on the census record as well as two employees, Lars Chrisensen and Morten Pedersen.

Johanne was bapt. 6 August 1760 in Bindslev (6). Her mother, whose name is not recorded, was "itroduceret" on 17 September 1760. Torben Ejlersen (6) explains this term as follows:

The explanation of the words in the baptism "indlæses", "indført" or "introduceret" and a date is that earlier when a woman had born a child she was found unclean and impure. Therefore when she wanted to go to church again after the birth, she had to wait at the entrance of the church. Then the vicar would introduce the woman to the church and the congregation. This date was noted in the churchbook. The date was normally 2-3 months after the birth and sometimes on the same day as the baptism of the newborn child. This tradition was still living in Denmark in rural district until 1900. Some places in Western Jutland you could find this solemn introduction in the 1930s.

Las Nørgaard Jensen, b. 1799


Lars Jensen, bapt. 8 October, 1799, Bindslev, m. 2 November 1827, Maren Christensdatter, bapt. 20 September 1805, in Bindslev. Lars died 12 August 1878, Maren died 4 April 1876, in Bindslev (6). He was a farmer in Bindslev, a village near Hjørring in the far northern tip of Jutland. He owned a farm in the region of Ravheden (5). They had 9 children (see following section).
 

Family of Maren Christensdatter


Her father was Christen Christensen, bapt. 28 May 1772, m. 8 November 1804 to Dorthe Nielsdatter, b. 1770. Christen's father was Christen Pedersen, the mother is not recorded. It is stated that Dorthe was a maid/farmworker for Heile Olufsen in the Ejaas area (as there are no parents or other records for her possibly she was an orphan?. Christen d. 24 February 1852, in Bindslev, and Dorthe d. 27 December 1819, in Bindslev (6).

Christen Lassen, b. 1830


The children of Lars Jensen and Maren Christensdatter, all born in Bindslev (6), were the following (for family names see also note at beginning of chapter):

1)
Christen Larsen, b. March 1830. He married Grethe Elsie ("Lia") Hansen. See marriage details below. Christen and Lia lived for most or all of their lives on the farm in the Bindslev, Ravheden area. They were financially comfortable. His granddaughter, Gudrun, would later typify him as a "daredevil" (1). Their daughter Ane is recorded as being born at Bindslev in 1869. The census of 1880 shows them living at Bindslev, Ravheden.

Christen died 14 November 1888, in Bindslev, and is also buried in Bindslev. Grethe lived till she was 90, dying 19 June 1928, in Søndergaard, Sindal and was buried in Bindslev.

We have a photocopy of Grethe Elsia's obituary: "We wish to announce for family and friends that our dear Mother, Mother-in-law, Grandmother and Great-grandmother Grete (sic) Elsia Lassen, nee Hansen, died today, at 90 years of age. The funeral will be on the the 25th, from the Home at one o'clock, and from the Bindslev Church at 3 o'clock. The home is at Søndergaard in Sindal, the 19 June, 1928" (8).

2) Jens Larsen, b. abt 1828.

3) Thomas Larsen, b. abt 1832.

4) Martin Lassen, bapt. 12 December 1834.

5) Johannes Larsen, b. abt 1837.

6) Niels Johan Theodor Larsen, born 30 January 1840, baptized 11 March 1840.

7) Hannea Dorothea Ane Mathaline Larsen, born 18 November 1842, baptized 25 December 1842.

8) Senius Christian Lassen, b. abt 1848.

9) Hanne Martine Lassen, b. abt 1845. Christen Lassen, bapt. 29 March 1830 in Bindslev. He married in the Bindslev Church on 26 November 1858 the widow Grethe Elsie ("Lia") Hansdatter, bapt. 7 April 1838 (see section below for more information on Grethe and her family). The marriage record states that he was living at home with his "father Lars Nørgaard", a farmer who owned his own farm (6).
 

Family of Grethe Elsie Hansdatter


Grethe's father was
Hans Nielsen bapt. 20 December 1799, Asdal Hjørring, died 22 April 1841 in Bindslev. He married, 29 February 1824 to Ane Marie Jensdatter bapt. 26 Apr 1801 in Asdal, Hjørring, d. 4 June 1882 in Bindslev (6).

Ane Marie Jensdatter's parents were
Jens Nielsen, bapt. 18 June 1769 and her mother was a Kristensdatter bapt. 6 May 1764 (6). Jens Nielsen's parents were Niels Svendsen, b. about 1738 and Maren Mathisdatter b. about 1727 (6).

Hans Nielsen's parents were
Niels Hansen b. 1763 and d. 11 January 1801. He married Else Pedersdatter bapt. 3 September 1775 Tomby, Vennebjerg, Hjørring, died 17 April, 1849 in Asdal, Vennebjerg. Else Pedersdatter's parents were Peder Jensen, b. 1739, d. 1822, married to Kirsten Christensdatter b. 1749, d. 1819. Both were also from Tomby, Vennebjerg, Hørring (6).

Ane Marie Jensdatter had a four year old son, Niels Christian Nielsen, b. 1820, at the time she married Hans Nielsen in 1824. Hans and Ane then had five children. They lived at a farm called Hesthavn (Horse Heaven) in Asdal, Sindal, near Hjørring. This farm apparently still exists (5). They then moved to Bindslev where Hans died 22 April 1841. The last daughter Hansine was born in that same year (6). The six children of Hans Nielsen and Ane Marie were: Niels b. 1820, Karen b. 1824, Maren b. 1831, Jens b. 1834, Grethe b. 1838, and Hansine b. 1841.

In 1842, Ane, now 41 years old, a widow with 6 children, 4 of whom were under the age of 11 (she also had an 18 year old and a 22 year old, neither of whom may have been living at home), married 26 year old, Peder Christian Jensen, b. 1819, 26 years old! (1).

When she was nineteen, Grethe Elsia m. on 20 November 1857 to Thomas Christian Larsen, b. 1827. He was the son of Lars Thomsen, farmer in Ravheden. Six months after the marriage, in May 1858, Thomas died and she was given the deed of their estate in Ravheden area by her father-in -law (5). She then married Christen Lassen, 26 November 1858 (6).

Ane Lassen, b. 1869, and Siblings


Christen Lassen and Grethe Elsia had twelve children, of whom the sixth was Ane Lassen. They were the following:

 
1) Thomine, bapt. 29 September 1859, Bindslev, m. 1 Apri1 1884 to Svend Jensen Thomsen, bapt. 13 June 1857, d. 4 March 1931. He had a business in Bindslev transporting goods by horse and wagon and was apparently quite well to do. He was involved in local politics for many years (6a).

Torben Ejlersen (great-grandson of Thomine) wrote the following to us in February 2001 (6a):
 
In 1905 the telephone exchange was established in Bindslev. Thomine and Svend Jensen Thomsen were the very first operators. Svend started outside Bindslev as a farmer, but then established his transport service about 1900. Mathilde his daughter took over the telephone in the same house in 1919 and my mother Ragnhild (pet name Søs) continued this family tradition in 1955 until the telephone system was automated in 1970. This house will now be sold. Nearly 100 years in the same family - of course modernized. As my father just moved to Tversted he gave me as a sort of genealogical present an old ceramic jug which has belonged to Thomine and Svend Jensen Thomsen!
 
Thomine and Svend had 15 children, one of whom was Elna. We have records of them provided by (6):

1. Mathilda, b. 1 January 1885, m. 3 October 1911 to Dinus Jensen, b. 27 July 1883, son of Lauritz Christian Jensen and Marthe Marie Christensen. Mathilda d. 16 November 1963 and Dinus d. 5 December 1969. They had four children, one of whom was:

a) Ragnhild Jensen, b. 2 November 1913, m. Leif Ejlersen, b. 1912. Ragnhild d. 2 January 1978 (6). Leif Ejlersen at the age of 89 moved from Bindslev to Tversted to an apartment. He worked for many years in a store in Bindslev. He knew some of the Kiil family (Tinus Christensen's sister) in Bindslev. They had two sons: Finn, b. 1936 and Torben, b. September 1940, and a daughter Marianne, b. 1948. Torben is our correspondent (6, 6a). Torben m. Stine Holm, b. 1942. They have one daughter Marie Kirstine who has two children.

2. Signe, b. 1885.

3. Kristian, b. 1886.

4. Karl, b. 1887.

5. Marie, b. 1888.

6. Gine, b. 1889, d. 1941.

7. Margrethe, b. 1891.

8. Axel, b. 1893.

9. Valdemar, b. 1894.

10. Dagmar, b. 1895, d. 1978.

11. Martin b. 1896, d. 1918.

12. Oskar, b. 1898.

13. Elna, b. (or baptized?) 26 October 1900 in Bindslev (4). She became engaged to Emil Marius Jensen, b. November 17 1901, in Sindel, Denmark. Emil emigrated to Canada in 1927 (with his brother Axel) and his fiancee Elna arrived the following year. They married in 1929. He worked at first for about a year on a farm in Saskatchewan but for most of their lives, they lived in Winnipeg. After working at a great many different occupations (logging, carpentry, brick laying, fishing, etc.), Emil eventually became a superintendent of two large apartment buildings, working for 40 years for the same family that owned the buildings. Elna and Emil lived for many years in a large house in Winnipeg on Furby Street and when they sold their house they moved into a Lions retirement home. They finally had to move into a nursing home where Elna died February 20 1997. Emil died in 1998. They had two sons, Torben ("Tom"), b. March 13 1931, and Clifford, b. 1945, who died in 1967 in Portage La Prairie, MB. Tom married Nancy Lou Jamieson on June 28 1957. She was born July 2 1934. They had four children. Tom died 23 December 2001. Their four children are:

a) Karen Ann Jensen.
b) Maureen Susan.
c) Patricia Janet.
d) Paul.

14. Emanuel, m. Ellen Jensine Knudsen, b. 1912, d. 1977. They had two children, Alfred Thomsen, b. 1932, and Bodil, b. 1935. Alfred married Jonna Løth Kristensen, b. 1955 and they have two children, Peter Løth, b. 1963 and Mette Løth, b. 1966. Alfred has been very helpful in giving us family information (5). Douglas, Marg and Bill Graham visited them at Aalborg in October 2000.

15. Jens?


2) Maren, bapt. 1 July 1861, Bindslev (6).


3) Ane, bapt. 15 September 1863, d. 6 March 1869 (five years old) (6).


4) Lassen, b. 29 March 1865, Bindslev. He was known to Gudrun as "Uncle Lassen" (1). He married Olga and had two children and was a school teacher in Randers (8).


5) Hansine, bapt. 23 Aug. 1867, d. 1951 in Bindslev. She lived in Aarhus and died unmarried. A photocopy of the death notice (8) states: "Our Sister and Friend Hansine Christensen, has gone home to God, 83 years old. On behalf of family, Vilhelmine Holmstoel [probably a friend], Aarhus. Peter Christensen. The burial will take place from the Bindslev Church, Thursday the 10th, July".


6)
Ane Lassen, bapt. 21 October 1869, North Bindslev in the Ravheden area. On 23 October 2000, Douglas, Marg and Bill Graham visited Bindslev. We set out to find the birthplace of Ane, Marg's grandmother. We were told that a farm called Ravheden still existed at # 42 on the road south from Bindslev. There were three elderly persons living there, all Lassens, but not related to our Lassens. We visited the farm but the Lassens there knew nothing of our family, Lassens or Christensens. Their parents had bought the farm in 1906 and in 1911 the original farm burned down. The present home was then built. Nothing of the original is left. We have since discovered that Ravheden is also an area in the district. We then visited Bindslev Church graveyard. We could not find any Lassens or Christensens from our family but we only had about 15 minutes and it was pouring rain! It is possible they were there but we were not knowledgeable enough about family names at that time. Nearly everyone in the family in this chapter was born and died in Bindslev. Apparently the first one to leave Bindslev was Ane Kristensen.

Ane was born and "home baptized" on 21 October 1869 and later baptized in Bindslev Church on 28 November. Her mother, Grete (sic) Elsie hansen was "indlases" (introduced) on 28 November 1869 (see note above on the meaning of "introduced"). On 17 March 1893, at the age of 24, she married the family's Farm Manager,
Tinus Christensen. The census of 1890 shows Tinus Kristensen [sic] working as the farm manager at Bindslev (6) (he was then 22 years old and Ane was 20). Therefore they had known each other for at least three years before they married. This marriage to the Farm Manager apparently was frowned upon by the Lassen family (1). We now know however, that in fact Tinus had already had an illegitimate son, born 11 March 1888 (see next section below) and so perhaps that is why he was frowned upon by the family? One of their wedding gifts, a small blue, hand-blown glass jug with white painting on it, is now in the possession of Margaret Graham (13). They had twelve children over the next 20 years (see following section for further information on their children).

According to his birth certificate, of which we have a photocopy, Tinus was born 17 October 1867 in Odden Mark (it means the fields near the manor of Odden), Marle, Mygdal Sogn (County). His parents were
Christen Hansen and Johanne Christensdatter (6). His mother was 45 years old when he was born. He was baptised on 8 December 1867 in the Mygdal Church (6). His mother died in 1873 when he was six and his father remarried a woman who had previous children. The stepmother was very mean to Tinus and so he left home quite early and was brought up by his sister Marie (1). For more on his family, see the section immediately below.

Ane was interested in music. She used to sing and play a little table harp that lay flat on the table. She would often go to Viborg to see a concert and was an avid reader of books. She was the educator of the family, both in academic subjects and for social and cultural skills. Having come from a well-to-do family, she had to adapt to living with very limited means, in a small isolated farming community. She was a survivor and managed her large family as best as she could with few resources. She loved her husband deeply and always had her faith in God and the Bible to carry her through. Generally, she was an "average" wife of the time - as her daughter Gudrun said, "she knitted, cooked, cleaned, had babies, and killed the pigs" (1).

At various times when he was a young man and before he married, Tinus worked as a stoker on a boat between Denmark and England and in a pig abbatoir at Frederikshaven. According to his daughter Gudrun, as a young man "he was full of the devil" and also indulged in a little poaching on the side (1).

After their marriage, Tinus and Ane lived for a short while at or near Ravheden, presumably on her parents' farm, where their first son, Henry, was born, in September 1894. In about 1895 they decided to follow Tinus' brothers to America. They arrived at the docks, having sold most of their possessions and having packed for a long voyage. They had to undergo medical examinations and it was then discovered that Ane had scabies and she was not allowed to board the ship. At this point Tinus disappeared at a run, leaving Ane sitting at an office on the docks, with one year old baby. Ane was devastated as she thought that he had left on the boat without her. He had actually rushed away to get their ticket money returned (8)!

Tinus then became a hunter for a Duke (Ahlefeldt-Laurvig) at Holbæk on Sjælland. They were there for about seven years, during which time four additional children were born. They then moved to Sparkær district, near the city of Viborg, Jutland, about 1902, and bought a small house and farm in Bakkely just outside the village of Sparkær (8). The first child born in Bakkely was Gudrun, in 1902, followed by the rest of their children (1). This was a small holding and these were properties that the Government offered to encourage people to move to Sparkær. A large peat factory had been built there and they needed people to dig the peat. The properties were small and people could not live off the land and they had to go and dig peat in the summer, and in the winter they worked making bricks out of the peat. Tinus had to walk four kilometers early in the morning to get to the peat and he did not come home until late at night. This meant that Ane had to do all the farm work as well as looking after numerous children. When they moved to Sparkær, Tinus also worked in gardens and in a carpentry shop (8).

They sold the house in Bakkely 1932 and moved to a house in the nearby town of Sparkær. That house was inherited by Ingelise Nygaard, granddaughter of Ane and Tinus. Ingelise and her husband Kaj have both retired and are living in the house (13) (Margaret Graham has pictures of the little house in Bakkely and of the Sparkær house, taken on a 1984 visit with Gudrun). In March 1953, Ane and Tinus celebrated their Diamond (60th) wedding anniversary. The festivities were attended by Gudrun and Margaret Barclay (the latter's first visit with her Danish grandparents). Tinus died on 17 June 1955, perhaps of cancer; he had been bedridden for the last few months of his life (8). At the age of 85, Ane knitted a tiny pair of socks for her great-granddaughter Janice's birth, which are in the possession of Marg Graham (13). Ane died on 18 May 1959 of pneumonia. We have photocopies of her death notice and that of Tinus. They are both buried in the churchyard at Sparkær (8).
 

Siblings of Tinus Christensen


The Marie who cared for Tinus was presumably an elder sister of Tinus. One of Marie's sons was visited by Gudrun and John Barclay in 1966, in a home for the elderly at Sindal. This son, apparently a "rich unscrupulous trader" in his younger days, apparently looked, as an older man, exactly like his uncle Tinus (1).

Tinus' oldest sister was named Mine, b. 7 June 1863, d. 26 March 1939, m. Niels Kiil, b. 24 November 1840, d. 22 March 1907 (the dates for both from the graveyard in Bindslev (13). We have information on a few other Kiil which we presume are related to Mine Kiil. We have a photocopy of the death notice (no date) of Peter Kiil ("Farmer Peter Kiil, Barkholt i Vendsyssel, 63 years of age; they waited for him Xmas eve and then they found him in the henhouse, where death had overtaken him"), but its not clear how he fits in. (8) Also from the graveyard in Bindslev, we found "Martin Kiil, b. 20 November 1888, d. 16 February 1911." Kristian Kiil lived in Sindal and managed the family (?) farm called Odden in Mygdal. One of Mine's grandsons, was Jorgen Kiil, b. 1931, who became a well known actor in Copenhagen. There was a small magazine article written about him, with a photograph, on the occasion of his 50th birthday, which he spent in hospital. The article is with the family pictures of Margaret Graham (13).

As alluded to above, two of Tinus' brothers emigrated to the United States, sometime just before 1895. One brother was called Hans (8). It is believed that they lived in Nebraska. For the first few years that they were away, a magazine would regularly arrive for Tinus from the States (1). Eventually that contact was lost. We have not yet been able to trace either of these brothers.

 
7) Tomas Kristensen, b. 1 January 1872, North Bindslev.


8) Ottine Johanne Kristensen, b. 27 December 1873, Bindslev.


9) Jens Peter Kristensen, b. 31 March 1876, Bindslev, m. 7 May 1901 to Olga Frederikke Thomsen, b. 3 June 1881 (6). They lived in Vogn and then moved to a farm called Hedegaard at Tversted, a small villge north of Sindal (9). It later became his farm. He died 29 November 1967. In 1976, Olga, then 95, was still alive (1). They had at least three children (9):
 
1. Christen Hilbert, b. 5 June 1902. He was an historian and a finishing carpenter. He had a big business employing about 20 men (1). In 1976 he was living at Nyköbing. He died in about 1989. He had two children, a girl and a boy (9).

2. Aksel Bernhardt (9), b. 22 September 1904 at Vogn. He died on 30 June 1987. He married Margrethe Christensen, b. 12 November 1905, d. 26 April 1990. He inherited the family homestead of Hedegaard. They had five children, all born at Hedegaard.

a) Knud, b. 1930.
b) Svend, b. 1932.
c) Eric, b. 1937, d. 1999 of cancer.
d) Jens, b. 1942.
e) Kirsten, b. 1944, m. Per Simonsen. Kirsten and Per have two sons, Peter and Heinrik. Douglas, Margaret, and Bill Graham discovered the existence of Kirsten (Marg's second cousin) by visiting the cemetery at Tversted, finding Aksel Berhardt's grave and then just walking down the street to Kirsten's house, following the directions of the graveyard keeper. It was a big surprise for everyone! The Grahams later visited the farm Hedegaard.

3. Tage, died at four months old.

 
10) Semine Maria Kristensen, b. 2 July 1878, Bindslev, d. 29 April 1966, m. a farmer who was also a real estate man, named Jens Jepsen and had three children: Marie, Viggo, and Ellen. One of the daughters committed suicide. We have a death notice from Kirsten Simonsen (9) for Semine Maria Jepsen Christensen: "Our dear Mother, Semine Maria Jepsen Christensen, died today at the Old Peoples Home, in Bindslev, the 29th April, 1966. From the Children. The burial will take place later.".


11) Kristian (or Christian) Alfred Kristensen, b. 10 December 1880, Bindslev according to his record in Ancestral Quest (19). He was baptized in the Church of Bindslev 3 April 1881 with a home christening (“hjemmedøbt”) on 24 June 1881. His parents are the farmer Kristen Lassen and Grethe Elsie Hansen, aged 42. The godparents (or witnesses?) were the farmer Jens Senius; Martin Lassen also mentioned (all of Bindslev). He owned the largest furniture store in Helsingør (Elsinore Castle, the home of Hamlet, is situated in Helsingør) (1). Anna Sofie, b. 1877, his wife, died in 1966. They had five children. One son had an engineering firm in Copenhagen and another son owned the Helsingør store, at least in the early 1980s. A daughter was a nurse in Aarhus. C. A. Christensen d. 1955 in Helsingør (8).


12) Mathias Johannes Kristensen b. 24 February 1882, Bindslev, d. 10 January 1888, buried in Bindslev (8).
 

Tinus Christensen’s First Son


Before entering into the account of the children of Tinus and Ane, we can first relate the fascinating story of Tinus’ first illegitimate child, another Tinus Christensen. If any of his half-siblings, such as my grandmother Gudrun, ever knew about the younger Tinus Christensen, it was never ever mentioned or recorded anywhere!

In 2004 I was contacted by George Christensen (18) who suspected he was also descended from Tinus Christensen. After much further investigation and research, primarily by George and my mother, the following information has been put together. George’s grandfather, Tinus Christensen, was born in Tvertsted, Denmark on March 11, 1888 and named after his father, Tinus Christensen, a plantation foreman at Bindslev. His father and mother, Lise Larsen, were not allowed to marry by her parents. The younger Tinus was raised by his mother and her parents. He, his mother, and his grandmother moved to Iowa in 1905 after his grandfather died. Lise ran a boarding house in Scranton, IA.

The son Tinus Christensen Jr. married a Hanson. Regarding her name, George writes: “her sisters used Hanson. Her oldest brother used Hansen. Sometimes her father used Hansen and sometimes he used Hanson. I noticed that on her marriage certificate my
grandmother added a middle initial of M.”.
 

Gudrun Christensen, b. 1902, and her Siblings


The Christensen family of Tinus and Ane is bracketed by the first-born Henry, who died when he was 23, and Anna, who spent most of her life at home caring for her parents. See note above under "Note on the Family Names" for further information on surnames of these children. Unless otherwise noted below, the information below on Gudrun and her siblings comes directly from Gudrun (1). Their twelve children were the following:

 
1) Henry N., b. 2 September 1894, in the Bindslev area (Sigrid's family book (12) records 7 September for Henry but 2 September for Harald; probably dates were transcribed). Henry was the first born and therefore every effort was made to educate him. He was very devoted to God and trained as a missionary. He was well educated, spoke French fluently, and played the violin. At Christmas in 1915, he caught a debilitating cold and during the following year while he was in Copenhagen studying, he contracted tuberculosis. In August 1916, he was sent to a sanitorium where he died 19 May 1917, aged 23. This was a terrible blow to his mother Ane who never came to terms with his death and he became considered almost like a saint in the family (1). At the time of his death he was engaged to be married to a nurse, Anna Petersen, and they were designated to go out to an African Mission. We have a photocopy of his death notice; his name appears as Henry Nørgaard Kristensen (8).

Henry was the first one to be buried in the Sparkær churchyard. It is a large graveyard and Dagny, Tinus, Ane, Anna, Ingeborg, Martin, Sigrid and Ingelise's daughter, Annette, are all buried there (8).
 
2) Harald N. Christensen, b. 7 September 1895, at Holbæk. He was a "rough and ready youth", as described by his sister Gudrun (1). When 16 or 17 he left home and went to sea and was not heard from for years. He finally returned to Denmark, settled down, and married Jenny on 5 May 1917. When first married they lived at Grindsted where he worked in a peat factory. Then they moved to Esbjerg and finally to Copenhagen. He had a greengrocery store during the war. (Janice Madill has the brass scales that he used in his store). After the war he started working in a factory that made electric cables. He became a foreman there and worked at the factory until he retired. Jenny also worked at the factory. He died 23 January 1969 of liver cancer (8). He may be buried in the churchyard at Bispebjerg, Copenhagen (10). Jenny lived by herself in a senior's apartment after his death. She travelled to Canada on her own, not speaking any English, and never having flown before, to visit John and Gudrun. It was the experience of a lifetime for her. She was a very gentle, caring, and generous lady (13). The last few years before she died she lived in a nursing home. She died 24 November 1981 (8). She is also buried in Bispebjerg. They had three children:
 
1. Henry Christensen b. 20 February 1918. He died 19 November 1979 (10).
 
2. Edith, b. 1922. She died on 11 August 1967.
 
3. Aage, b. about 1925.

 
3) Sigfred N., born in May 1897. He died in infancy, as a result of tetanus from the midwife, according to Sigrid's family book (12).

 
4) Sigrid N., b. 16 July 1898. She never married. At the age of 20 she entered a school of nursing but developed tuberculosis and was forced to abandon her studies and enter a sanatorium. She was able to recover completely from the disease and she re-entered nursing at the age of 28. She became supervisor of an infectious diseases ward and later became a self-taught radiologist at the hospital in Ringköbing, Jutland. As a young woman she also was very involved with the Salvation Army. She loved to play the banjo. She came to Canada in about 1949 to look after Gudrun's nursing home while the latter went on a visit to Denmark. Sigrid was in Canada for one year and then she returned to Ringköbing.

After retiring, she kept house for her brother Martin on his farm in Hammel and assisted him financially. She was very involved financially in the care of her parents, even on a nurse's salary. She was unable to be home to care for them but she contributed greatly. She also supported Anna. Eventually she moved to the Sparkaer family home and shared it with Anna who was living there on her own after the death of their parents. After Anna died she shared the home with sister Ingeborg who had also retired. She continued to live there for a few years after the death of Ingeborg. She developed very severe rheumatoid arthritis and eventually became wheelchair bound. She fought the disease every step of the way and refused to go into hospital or to give up her independence until absolutely forced to do so. She was a very strong, independent, and very generous person. She retired from nursing at age 65.

Ingelise (Sigrid's niece) and her husband Kaj Nygård accompanied Sigrid, who was wheelchair-bound, on a return trip to Canada about 1975. In April 1984 Margaret Graham and Gudrun visited Sigrid. She died November 7 1984, alone in the house (although critically ill she refused to go into hospital or to have anyone stay with her). She is buried in the churchyard in Sparkær. We have a copy of her death notice and an obituary.

 
5) Ingeborg Nørgaard, b. 10 November 1900. She was a "sickly child" (1). Although she never married, she was engaged at one time to a male nurse. However, he apparently turned out to be a homosexual. This was very devastating and she had a severe nervous breakdown at that time. She recovered and for most of her working life she was the Matron-in-Charge of the laundry and housekeeping at a huge institution for the mentally ill near Vejle. She played the organ and was a good singer. After she retired she lived in Grenaa for several years but eventually went to live with Sigrid in Sparkær. The Graham family visited the two of them there in July 1976. She died of a heart attack on 12 December 1976. We have a photocopy of her death notice. She is buried in the churchyard at Sparkær.

 
6)
Gudrun N. Christensen, born in Sparkær, on 29 November 1902 (her birth certificate says 28 November, as does Sigrid's family book (12), but her mother said it was the 29th and that was the date Gudrun used). After high school, she went to a large home economics school in Hoptrup. There she met Aage Kure of Rinne, Bornholm, who was probably studying bookkeeping. She became engaged to him and went to work at Rinne on the island of Bornholm to be near his family. She worked as a domestic in that area for one and a half years (some of this information here is from a diary of Gudrun's). She later worked near Silkeborg as a cook in a nursing home and at Finderup. Aage emigrated to Redvers, Saskatchewan to be a farmer (although he was trained as a bookkeeper) and sent a ticket for his fiancee to join him in Canada.

She went over in August 1928, on the ship the Oscar II, following in the footsteps of her younger brother Kaj who had emigrated to Canada the year before. After travelling from Halifax on the train she arrived in Winnipeg with only $28 to her name. She was put in the immigrants' hotel where her money was promptly stolen. As she couldn't speak English, she could not tell anyone what the problem was but eventually someone recognized that she was Danish and took her to the Danish Immigrants' Home. Her cousin Elna Thomsen was also staying there. Her money was never recovered. While learning English, she got a job working as a cook in a restaurant. She also worked as a maid at a private house at 72 Inkster Blvd., Winnipeg. Aage, meanwhile, had not met her at the train when she initially arrived and he had made only one brief visit to Winnipeg, sometime in November 1928. Gudrun by then was "hopping mad" at him.

At that time, the centre of social activity for the Danish community in Winnipeg was the Danish Immigrants' Home on Fountain Street. They entertained themselves with singing and playing instruments. Gudrun had a lovely soprano voice and there she met John Barclay who was a very good violinist. Gudrun's brother Kaj was in Calgary so she went out there in early December 1928. She was especially happy to go there as she had heard that John was going too. John Barclay had gone out to Calgary just before her and before long, the engagement with Aage was broken off and she became engaged to John. When Aage heard, he promptly came to Calgary, in December 1928. He was furious, threatened to kill Gudrun and even physically assaulted her. John Barclay and friends cooled him off under a cold water tap and then ran him out of town. Aage married another Danish girl, they divorced, and he later married a Catholic francophone in Montréal.

Gudrun married John
Barclay Estrup, 20 May 1929, in Pastor Knudsen's home in Calgary. The Lutheran Calgary Danes had a Minister but as yet they had not built their new church on Tenth Ave. N.W., later to be called Sharon Lutheran Church. They had two children, Anna Margaret Barclay Estrup, b. December 19 1929, and Paul Barclay Estrup, b. February 13 1931. See Barclay/Estrups chapter for more details on her husband, their married life, and on their children.

Gudrun first worked at Dana, the Danish Community Centre. In about May 1930, they moved into the Wellington Apartments on 25 Ave. S.W., Elbow Park (the building no longer exists) where they worked as caretakers in return for free rent. They lived there for three or four years during the worst of the Depression. They really worked hard for free rent and were also taken advantage of by the landlord. John did all the painting and fixing and Gudrun did all the common area cleaning. One woman in the apartments, trying to take advantage of a young immigrant, told Gudrun that she had to also clean her apartment. Fortunately Mrs. Small, their next door neighbour, explained to Gudrun that that was not part of her duties! The Smalls were important friends and like grandparents to Margaret and Paul; see a separate essay on them written by Margaret Graham.

Throughout the hungry thirties, she did domestic work by the hour and also washed and ironed uniforms for the Scottish Nursing Home (20 cents each). She did not then know about the prairie dust storms. One hit Calgary just after she had hung all the freshly washed (by hand) uniforms on the line. It was a terrible happening. She had to start all over again and re-wash the filthy uniforms. It was a story she told many times.

They moved to 1618 11th Ave S.W. from the Wellington Apartments and rented the main floor of the house for a few years. They bought their first home, in Sunnyside at 736 1st Ave N.W., in 1938. During this time as well as being very involved in Church work she also worked one day a week, Fridays, housecleaing for eight hours for the Seymour family. It was a large three bedroom duplex and she cleaned it from top to bottom and then did the week's ironing at the end of the day. She was paid $2.50 for the day.
In 1945 they bought a nursing home in Sunalta on 1811 12th Ave. S.W. for $9000. Gudrun had taken a nursing course by correspondence from the Chicago School of Nursing. She nursed and cared for the elderly and the very ill in her high-quality nursing home. Nursing homes were not licensed then and many "homes" were apalling places so the Barclay's home was a welcome exception. The nursing home specialized in the "Koch Treatment" for cancer. She had nine patients initially but later as many as 22. The Barclays lived at the nursing home. It was sold in 1950 for $22,000.

In 1948 Gudrun traveled to Denmark for her first visit since emigrating to Canada in 1928. Starting in 1950, they built Barclay's Motel at 5307 Macleod Trail and operated it from 1950 to 1962. It was one of the better known motels in Calgary at that time. Their son Paul also worked at the motel for several years. In 1958 they visited their daughter and family in Nairobi, Kenya, and also visited Denmark. After the motel was sold, they built a new house at 27 Selkirk Drive S.W. Both Gudrun and John worked during their retirement. In the summer of 1963 she and John worked for the Alberta Government providing tourist information services at St. Mary's, Montana. She also worked as a chauffeur for the late Judge McLaurin's wife and worked for him as an occasional cook after his wife's death. From 1966 to 1968 she nursed a man at Ogden, five days a week, for 18 months. In December 1965 they again visited Nairobi, after first visiting their son Paul and family in Aberdeen, Scotland.

For 50 or so years the Barclays were intimately involved with Sharon Lutheran Church. Gudrun occupied herself with a hectic social life centred around the Church, friends, family, and her hobbies, notably lapidary handicrafts and stone carving, for which she won several prizes. They celebrated their golden wedding anniversary in 1979. Douglas J. Graham was a frequent visitor to their home in 1981 and 1982 while he attended the University of Calgary. After John's death (October 24 1983) she stayed in Calgary until June 1985, and then moved to Thunder Bay to be near her daughter and son. We have 10 tapes made in 1984 by Bill Graham in which Gudrun talks about her life.

In Thunder Bay, she joined the Lutheran Church and soon had many friends there as well as "the ladies" in the apartment building where she lived (on Walkover St.). She died of a pulmonary thrombo-embolism in Thunder Bay, April 28 1992, aged 89. At the time of her death she was still driving her yellow Datsun car and living on her own in her apartment. The ashes and a headstone for both John and Gudrun are in the Sunset Gardens in Calgary.

 
7) Dagny N., b. 5 November 1904. Information on her family is from (8). She met Sigurd Kaalund Plovgaard and they had one child, Ingelise (spelling from (8) but Inger-Elise in some other sources). He was born in Ramme near Lemvig. Dagny did not marry Sigurd; he had tuberculosis and wanted to be cured before they married. He never recovered however and died 22 May 1928. He was a gardener in Skive and was a good friend of Oskar Troelsgaard Nielsen whom Dagny later married. Unfortunately, she had also contracted tuberculosis and was never strong again.

She worked as a domestic. She married Oskar Troelsgaard Nielsen on June 2 1929 and they had three girls. He was a gardener, born in Resen near Skive. She died 5 September 1934 of tuberculosis, aged only 29. We have a photocopy of her death notice; her name appears as Dagny Troelsgaard Nielsen. In other sources it is noted as Dagney (8).

Ingelise at that time went to live with her grandparents, Ane and Tinus, in Sparkær. Oskar was left alone with three small girls, of 2, 3, and 4 years. He needed to have someone to help him in the house with the small girls so he hired a housekeeper, Anna Laursen Dahl, born in Rønberg near Skive. He married Anna on 4 November 1937. They had two sons who were both mentally handicapped and died in childhood. Anna died the 8th of May, 1957. Oskar lived in a nursing home for last years of his life and died 21 July 1969 (8).

The daughter by the first marriage was:
1. Ingelise.
 
The children of Dagny's second marriage were:

2. Anna Rita (" Rita" ) Troelsgaard Nielsen.
3. Ellen Margrethe T.
4. Gerda T.

 
8) Edel N., b. 4 May 1906. Information on her family is from (3). She was Edel Nørgaard Kristensen. She married Svend Pedersen, b. 24 March 1906, on 2 February 1930. (Margaret Graham has the base of a lovely old oil lamp that was given to Gudrun by Edel who apparently said that it was a wedding gift from Svend's adoptive parents.) Svend's father was Svend Aage Pedersen. Some documents show it as Petersen but his marriage certificate says Pedersen. He was adopted by Soren (he was a roof thatcher) and Jorgine Mikkelsen. His grandparents on both sides fought in the 1864 war. There are documents from this date, that are in Kurt's possession. Svend was in the Resistance during WWII. At that time they lived in Horne, Jutland.

After the war, and after his mother died, they moved into Svend's father's home in Bredsten, near Vejle. He was an electrician. Edel was a wonderful cook and she started working as a caterer in 1967. Edel died December 29 1991; Svend died 21 November 1995. They had six children. More information on their children and their families is in my personal files.

1. Sonja.
2. Gurli.
3. Dagny.
4. Hugo.
5. Kurt.
6. Doris.
 

9) Kaj N., b. 3 May 1907. Sources for information on Kaj and his family are (1) and (2). He says that he was born at 3:30 p.m. He knows this because another boy at school had the same birthday and these two boys wanted to know which was the oldest; it was the other boy! Kaj was sent out to work on a neighbour's farm when he was only nine years old. Gudrun has said that her mother just hated to send this little boy out to work but that it was an economic necessity. The people he worked for were not very kind to him and forced him to get up very early and milk the cows, etc. Then he would have to go to school where he would often fall asleep and get into trouble. They furthermore often kept him home from school. Gudrun was working on a nearby farm and she, although only 15 or 16, intervened on Kaj's behalf and told the farmer that it was against the law to work a child like that and that he had to attend school.

Kaj emigrated to Canada in 1927. For the next ten years he had a variety of occupations. He was in Calgary part of the time and worked for John Barclay as a painter. He also did a lot of babysitting for his sister Gudrun, who was working at Dana, the Danish community centre. He would put the baby Margaret in the buggy and wheel her up the North Hill to Gudrun who would then breastfeed her. He also claims to be a champion diaper changer. From 1927-1928 he worked on a farm in Saskatchewan between Leslie and Foam Lake near Lannigan, which is straight north of Regina. He and Annie have kept in contact with the family for whom he worked. He worked for several years in the foothills west of Calgary as a sheepherder, living year round in a covered wagon. He rode the rails during the Depression years, looking for work. He travelled in the area north of Edmonton and liked the look of the land up there.

While working on a farm near Airdrie, Alberta, he met Annie Watson, b. 12 December 1916 in Youngstown, Alberta, who was also working on the farm. I have further notes on Annie's family in my files (17). This was the farm of her father's cousin, Victor Watson. Kaj was milking cows for $10 a month and Annie was earning $12 a month. They married in 1938 and the first year they spent working on Lauritz Pedersen's dairy farm at Bearspaw near Calgary. They saw an ad in the paper for some land available near Jarvie, north of Edmonton and decided to buy what turned out to be 160 acres of uncleared muskeg. Several years later, another 160 acres came up for sale next to their land. It belonged to someone who was not able to farm it. It had to be cleared a certain amount before it could be sold, so Kaj did the work and was then able to purchase the land more cheaply.

It was a hard life for Annie and Kaj those first years. They single-handedly cleared the land and built a home for their family. Kaj augmented their income by working for the railroad, for 18 years starting in 1950, and driving school buses, for a further eight years. He bought another 16 acres down by the river and Kaj has kept this lot where he built a little hut and where Annie has a garden. He was always the practical joker and stories abound about his, sometimes dangerous, practical jokes on other people. Margaret Graham taped conversations with Kaj and Annie in 1995; these remain to be transcribed for further information. After the farm was sold, they retired to live at Westlock, Alberta. In August, 1997, there was a Christensen family reunion at Buck Lake, Alberta, to celebrate Kaj's 90th birthday, which Marg Graham attended. In May 2002 he celebrated his 95th birthday. Kaj is the last living member of his generation of the Christensen family. He was in good health and spirits in April 2002 but almost completely blind. He died March 7 2003. Annie died in Westlock, Alberta on December 29 2012, aged 96; she lived independently until her death.

Their children (information from (2)) are:

1. Marjorie.
2. Kai.
3. Archer.
4. Gordon.
5. Virginia.
 

10) Martin Nørgaard Christensen., b. 14 September 1908. He had a job as manager of a large farm in Fyn owned by a lawyer. Martin had a son at this time.

He travelled to Canada with Margaret and Paul Barclay on their return to Canada in 1953. During the time in Canada, he lived with Gudrun and John and worked in a warehouse and as a construction foreman. He returned to Denmark in 1958 with enough money to buy a large farm near Hammel. He owned this prosperous farm for several years and then sold it for 1.3 million Kroner and bought a house in Hammel. He lived in Hammel till his death, from stomach cancer, on 9 August 1978. He never married and left most of his estate to his son. Martin is buried in the churchyard at Sparkær. We have a copy of his death notice and an obituary.

 
11) Hans N., b. 24 November 1910. At 16 he was briefly jailed for mistakenly taking a bike, according to Gudrun. This was a terrible slur on the family and Hans decided to get away from Denmark by going to Sweden to work for several years (1). He worked in a factory as a mechanic. He returned to Denmark but then left for Sweden, permanently, in 1947. There he met and in 1954 married Valborg Berntsson, b. October 1 1917. Valborg was married previously for a few years to Pettersson, b. 1899, and already had a son. The husband had died of a heart problem (11).

Hans and Valborg had two sons and two daughters. They lived in Nybegrud-Frykerud. They then had a farm home in Värmland Län, Sweden. His work was in the field of electronics (1).

The family had many visits back and forth to Jutland and to Copenhagen. Martin and Hans were very close to each other and Hans visited Martin just before he died. Hans Jr. worked on Martin's farm when he was 13 or so. Hans' daughter Irena recounted (on a visit to Canada in July 1994) that from the age of 7 she wrote to Aunt Anna and later wrote to Ingeborg and Sigrid. She remembers at least six trips back to Denmark. She remembers meeting "Tante Gudrun" on a very early (1965?) visit to Harald in Copenhagen. When she was about 13, she went to a large banquet given by Sigrid in Jutland for visitors Gudrun Barclay, the Swedish family, and family from Copenhagen (11).

Valborg died July 14 1977. Hans died October 26 1992 of prostate cancer. Their children were the following:

1. Jan Erik Pettersson.
2. Henry.
3. Hans, Jr.
4. Gudrun.
5. Irena.
 

12) Anna Nørgaard Kristensen, b. 28 January 1911. On her birth certificate (8), of which we have a photocopy, her name is Anne Dusine (means "dozen", she being the twelfth child) Kristensen. She was born in Sparkær, Borrits County and baptized 10 March 1912 in Sparkær Church. She went to Arrhus and took a course in dress design and sewing. This school did sewing for the Danish Queen. She was a very clever seamstress. While there she became engaged to marry. As however so often happened to younger daughters, she was asked to go home and look after the ailing and elderly parents. Being a very Christian and caring person, she gave up her career and her fiancée and went home to Sparkær. She sewed dresses for a factory at home and looked after her parents till they died. In 1964 she was in Calgary for a visit with Gudrun and John. She played the organ and according to her sister Gudrun, was "an angel on earth". She died 5 November 1971 of ovarian cancer. She is buried in the churchyard at Sparkær. We have a copy of her death notice (8).

Sources


The original text on this family for
A Family Reunion of July 1982, was written by Douglas Graham drawing heavily on information collected from his mother but more so from his grandmother, Gudrun Barclay née Christensen. Some information was also given by Sigrid Christensen to Douglas.

A very complete rewrite and update with much new information was undertaken in late 2001/early 2002 by Margaret Graham (née Barclay Estrup).
 

Footnotes


(1) Material from Gudrun Barclay. This is based on personal communication with Douglas Graham (recorded in the original A Family Reunion of July 1982) and with her daughter Margaret Graham. Additional material is from her written notes (dated 1966) and her diaries.
(2) Pers. comm. with Annie (née Watson) and Kaj Kristensen as well as various communications between Annie and Margaret Graham.
(3) Information on Edel's children is from a letter written by her daughter-in-law, Lillian Pedersen to Margaret Graham in December 1997. Information was also obtained during a visit in October 2000 to Vejle by Douglas, Margaret and Bill Graham. Also subsequent correspondence between Lillian and Margaret Graham.
(4) Information on the Canadian Jensens comes from: an October 19 1997 letter and subsequent correspondence from Torben (Tom) Jensen to Margaret Graham, an essay written by Paul Jensen in 1989 about his grandparents' immigration to Canada, a letter from Elna Jensen with information on Christen Lassen and Thomine Lassen, and letters from Karen Jensen Large (1996).
(5) Letters, maps of the Bindslev area, and other information from Alfred Thomsen in Aalborg, Denmark. Also pers. comm. during a visit to Alfred in October 2000, by Douglas, Margaret and Bill Graham.
(6) Letters, maps, and information printed out from a genealogical software programme (Ancestral Quest) from Torben and Stinne Ejlersen. They also provided copies of family photographs.
(6a) Personal letters from Torben Ejlersen, February 2001.
(7) Notes by William Graham, 1995, after a visit to Canada by the Jansson family.
(8) Material received from Ingelise Nygaard. Includes letters, photocopies of family birth certificates, and obituaries. Help with translation of one of Ingelise's letters was given by Tom Volquardsen of Salt Spring Island, B.C. Information from notes made by Anna Kristensen was also given by Ingelise. Pers. comm. information was obtained during an October 2000 visit to Ingelise by Margaret and Bill Graham.
(9) Pers. comm. information from Kirsten Simonsen during a visit to Bindslev in October, 2000 by Douglas, Margaret, and Bill Graham. Information also comes from letters sent later by Kirsten which included family information and photographs.
(10) Pers. comm. information from Kirsten Sorensen during a visit to Copenhagen in October 2000 by Douglas, Margaret, and Bill Graham. Also information from Kirsten in letters to Margaret Graham.
(11) Pers. comm. from Gudrun and Jan-Ake Jansson during a 1995 visit to the Grahams in Thunder Bay.
(12) Sigrid Nørgaard Christensen's family book transcribed by Margaret Graham during a visit to Sparkær in 1984.
(13) General information collected by Margaret Graham during visits to Denmark and through miscellaneous correspondence with various family members. Also included here are Margaret Graham's personal recollections.
(14) Letters in late 1990s from Gerda T. Nielsen which included names, addresses and occupations regarding her side of the family.
(15) Letters in late 1990s from Dagney Nørgaard Gaarsvig regarding her side of the family.
(16) Letters in late 1990s from Sonja Nørgaard Sorensen regarding her side of the family.
(17) Tracey Watson Disturnal (pers. comm., August 2005), ID-193, a niece of Annie, is working on the Watson family history.
(18) Correspondence with George Christensen [ID-407], starting in 2004 and continuing until now (2012), including visits with my mother.
(19) Baptismal record of Kristian Alfred Kristensen, accessed by M. Graham at a Danish web site, Ancestral Quest.